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How to prevent, treat dengue

With the recent outbreak in dengue, people are growing increasingly cautious about the disease. One of the major reasons as to why people are not able to control dengue is because they aren't aware of the proper treatment or the symptoms of the disease. The dengue virus is like a viral disease which is caused by the Flaviviridae family.

Now this virus isn't contagious at all. But it does spread through the help of a vector and this vector is the dengue mosquitoes. Not all mosquitoes transfer this virus. The Aedes aegypti is known to be the species of mosquito which transfers this virus. These usually bite in the mornings.

The period of incubation, the period from which you get bitten till the period when you realize the symptoms is around 4 to 6 days. But it may vary till 14 days as well. The symptoms of dengue include:
  • High fever
  • Headaches which are severe
  • Muscle pain and joint pain
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Rashes on the skin
  • Bleeding which causes bruising

How to prevent, treat dengue

There are various classifications of dengue. Grade 1 dengue consists of fever and other constitutional symptoms. Grade 2 dengue consists of the symptoms of grade 1 plus bleeding. Grade 3 consists of grade 2 symptoms along with circulatory failure and agitation. Finally Grade 4 consists of profound shock along with all the other symptoms of the previous grades.

You can prevent dengue by the following ways.
  • Avoid any sort of mosquito bites. This can be done by using any sort of mosquito repellent. You can even use eucalyptus oil on your body. This is more or less a natural mosquito repellent. You can even use mosquito nets on your windows to avoid mosquitoes from entering.
  • Stagnant water is the breeding ground for mosquitoes. So if you want to get them away from your home, you need to get rid of places which have stagnant water. Usually you can find this type of water in small pockets and in corners of your home.
  • Also, overhead tank which consists of water should be covered properly to prevent mosquitoes from breeding.
  • Since the Aedes mosquitoes come to bite mostly during day time, you should take extra precautions during that time. Wear full sleeved clothes and try and keep away from dengue prone areas.

The treatment for dengue is very simple. Usually if you see the symptoms you need to get a dengue test done. If it turns out positive, you need to visit the doctor immediately. With proper treatment which includes medication and sometimes hospitalization, you will be able to overcome it. But the mortality rate is around 15 per cent so immediate medical attention is necessary.

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